Adsorption of Copper, Zinc and Lead Metal Ions from Aqueous Samples Using Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticles Modified with Alizarin Red S

Document Type: Original research article

Author

Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, P.O.BOX 19395-3697 Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles modified with alizarin red S (ARS-Fe3O4) were used for the removal of several metal ions from aqueous solution. The mean size and the surface morphology of the nanoparticles were characterized by TEM, XRD and FTIR techniques. Adsorption studies of mentioned metal ions were performed in batch system. The adsorption of metal ions onto ARS-Fe3O4nanoparticles was affected by the several analytical parameters such as an initial pH, metal ions concentration, adsorbent amount, contact time and temperature. Experimental results indicated that ARS-Fe3O4 nanoparticles were quantitatively removed. The maximum adsorption capacities ofARS-Fe3O4 for the Langmuir model were 50.0, 22.7 and 21.7 mg of metal ions per gram of nanoparticle for Zn2+,Cu2+and Pb2+, respectively. The isotherm evaluations revealed that the Langmuir model attained better fits to the equilibrium data than the othermodels. The kinetic data of adsorption of Zn2+,Cu2+and Pb2+ ions on the synthesized adsorbents were best described by pseudo-second-order equation. The adsorption processesfor three metal ions were endothermic. Metal ions were desorbed from nanoparticles by 2 mLHCl solution 0.1 mol L−1.

Keywords


 

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