Cloud Point Extraction and Spectrophotometric Determination of Cadmium in Some Vegetables

Document Type : Full research article


1 Chemistry Department, Payame Noor University, 19395-4697, Tehran, Iran.

2 Chemistry Department, Payame Noor University, 19395-4697, Tehran, Iran


Cloud point extraction and spectrophotometric determination of trace quantities of cadmium in some vegetables have been developed. The research area for vegetables analysis was near to the Zarin Shahr where the soil received heavy metals from the Esfahan Steel Company. Cloud point extraction used dithizone as complexing agent and non ionic surfactant Triton-X114 as micellar phase. Several important variables affecting the separation and determination process were optimized. Under optimized conditions calibration graph was linear in the range of 1.0-180 ng mL-1 with detection limit of 0.2 ng mL-1. Preconcentration of 10 mL of samples gave an enhancement factor of 50. The proposed method was applied for determination of Cd(II) in vegetable samples with satisfactory results.